Anti Terrorism Day is observed across the country on May 21, every year, recalling the death of late Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India, who was assassinated on May 21, 1991. Terrorism and insurgency are the unending battles India has been fighting since Independence. The day highlights and raises awareness about the dangers of terrorism and its dangerous effects on people, society and the country as a whole. Terrorism can be defined as ‘The calculated use of violence or the threat of violence, against civilians in order to attain goals that are political, religious or ideological in nature.’ Terrorism is put into practice through intimidation, coercion or instilling fear. India is among some of the countries which are increasingly affected by terrorism causing a significant threat to the life of people of India. The regions with long term terrorist activities have been Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India and the Seven Sisters states (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura).
Groups involved in terrorism in India:
Few of the militant groups which are spreading terrorism in India includes Al-Qaeda, Babbar Khalsa International, Inter- Services Intelligence (ISI), Jaish-e-Muhammad, Harakat ul-Mujahadeen etc. LTTE is among such militant group which has caused lot of unrest and violence in Srilanka. LTTE is also responsible for the death of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
India subdivides terrorism in four major groups
Ethno-nationalist terrorism - This form of terror focuses either (a) on creating a separate State within India or independent of India or in a neighboring country, or (b) on emphasizing the views/response of one ethnic group against another.
Religious terrorism - This form of terror focuses on religious imperatives, a presumed duty or in solidarity for a specific religious group, against one or more religious groups.
Left wing terrorism - This form of terror focuses on economic ideology, where all the existing socio-political structures are seen to be economically exploitative in character and a revolutionary change through violent means is essential.
Narco terrorism - This form of terror focuses on creating illegal narcotics traffic zones.
What agencies are responsible for fighting terrorism in India?India has several intelligence agencies that monitor terrorist activities. The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is the external intelligence agency and the Intelligence Bureau (IB), a division of the Home Affairs Ministry, collects intelligence inside India. Narcotics Control Bureau, Defence Intelligence Agency, All India Radio Monitoring Services, etc.
Terrorism indiscriminately affects innocent people, who just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. BFGI join hands with the government to fight strongly against Terrorism and to provide a safe and secure environment to everybody directly and indirectly associated to our institution. Our minimal efforts to Counter terrorism:
1. Stay vigilant with new neighbors and also for people who don’t seem to belong in the workplace, neighborhood, business establishment or anywhere else.
2. Know your maid’s where about. Make sure you hire maid after necessary police enquiry.
3. Stay vigilant to your surroundings. While travelling in public transport always ensure there is no unattended articles below your seat or anywhere around.
4. Cooperate with the security checking formalities as and when required.
5. Whenever you login from cyber café’s ensure you are properly logged-out from your account.
6. Be observant towards strangers seeking information about military operations, capabilities, or people. Elicitation attempts may be made by mail, fax, and telephone or in person.
7. Tests of Security: If someone is attempting to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of security measures, or if he is attempting to record and analyze reaction times to security breaches, contact your local authorities.
SATP (South Asian Terror Portal) has listed 180 terrorist groups that have operated within India over the last 20 years, many of them co-listed as transnational terror networks operating in or from neighboring South Asian countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. Let’s join hands to fight terrorism by having a family emergency plan in place. Safe home, safe neighborhood and safe India.