India is a land of villages and most of the populations residing in villages are farmers. Agriculture employs more than half of the Indian population. Though, there was a time when approximately 75% of the Indian population was living on agricultural income. But the emergence of service sector and strong manufacturing industry has helped in attracting people from agriculture to these sectors. Yet, agriculture is the main occupation of the country. India had an interesting agricultural journey. The green revolution changed the agricultural landscape of the nation. Productivity increased and India became self-reliant in many agro-commodities. States like Punjab thrive on agricultural income. However, a lot needs to be done in improving the state of the farmers.
Farmers are the backbone of the nation. Government has taken a decision to observe December 23, the birthday of former prime minister late chaudhary charan singh as 'kisan samman diwas' in the state. He was primarily a farmer and his personal life-style was extremely simple. He was a son of the soil and contributed a lot to improve the situation of the Indian farmers. His brief stay at the top witnessed a slew of agricultural reforms and policies being introduced in India. Charan Singh’s peasantry background helped him understand real problems of the farmer and he did his best to help them.
Chaudhary Charan Singh is credited to formulate and implement the famous Zamindari Abolition Act. His passionate appeal and magnetic persona united all the farmers against the moneylenders and landlords. He was also a very effective writer and penned his thoughts on farmers and their problems and solutions. Charan Singh passed away on 29 May 1987. Kisan Divas is recognition of his valuable services rendered to the farmers of India. Entire India celebrates Farmers day. Farmers and members of rural community organize agricultural shows, functions and pay homage to their beloved leaders. New policies concerning farming, agriculture, seeds etc are also announced by the governments.
On this occasion, farmer seminars will be organised at the divisional, district and block levels. Agricultural scientists and agriculture extension officers will provide latest information to the farmers in these programmes. The kisan seminars will also be held at 31 agriculture science centres and 26 agriculture knowledge centers in the state. On this occasion, the district rural development agencies will organize exhibitions, fairs and seminars on various aspects of agriculture and rural development. The farmers will also be told about agriculture insurance schemes.
Farmer's Day is celebrated on the 23rd of December every year to promote awareness to help and reward farmers for their contribution to society. At least Farmer's Day observance compels us to think how farmers grow crops with great difficulty and their burnt skin to feed us, but themselves remain backward and wretched.
The plight of farmers in India has been very miserable in present-day India and they have always been at the receiving end since Independence. Their hard toil fetches them nothing except fake assurances from the dispensations at the helm. It’s sad and unfortunate that people who are indispensable for the growth of nation have been left to their fate. This is quite evident from the suicide cases in Maharashtra, Andhra and other parts of the country including West Bengal. In state like UP middlemen and Mandi officials ensure that the farmers turn into object of grief. The need of the hour is implementation of schemes introduced by the government. This can take place effectively if the village panchayts are provided more power to execute them in smooth manner.
There is a need to equip farmers with latest technological accessories that augment the prospects of better output and thus make their contribution more prominent in the global economy. Better results could be attained if information centers having state-of-the -art facilities are set-up inside each village that shed light on issues related with farmers. Let’s not forget that they form the backbone of the nation and so it becomes imperative for us to be conscious of their needs. Both the Central and state governments should come out with plans, which prevent the farmers from being swayed by negative market forces.
They should be helped generously in education and healthcare. For all these, the first step is to elevate the living conditions of farmers. Their continued over-reliance on rain-fed agriculture is doing a ot of harm to the economy. For this farmers change and give way to improved modern systems of farming.